Whey protein is a complete, high quality protein that contains all of the essential amino acids. In addition, it is very digestible, absorbed from your gut quickly compared with other types of protein. Whey is rich in a branched-chain amino acid called leucine. Leucine is the most growth-promoting (anabolic) of the amino acids. Whey protein is excellent for promoting muscle growth and maintenance when coupled with strength training. It may strengthen the body’s antioxidant defenses by promoting the formation of glutathione, one of the body’s main antioxidants. Being rich in protein can promote fat loss by: suppressing appetite, leading to reduced calorie intake, boosting metabolism, helping burn more calories, helping to maintain muscle mass when losing weight. One study in 192 exercising individuals found that taking whey protein supplements, led to improvements in lean mass and strength.
Protease is an enzyme that catalyzes proteolysis, breaking down proteins into smaller polypeptides or single amino acids
When consumed with a whey protein supplement, protease enzymes encourage pre-digestion of the protein, allowing for the release of the full content of the essential amino acids for building muscle and improving muscle recovery. This pre-digestion also ensures formation of smaller peptides, reducing the potential for discomfort that is often associated with protein consumption. In the digestive process, whey protein is broken down into peptides, which are themselves broken down into amino acids that become absorbed in the intestinal tract. If the whey isn’t broken down properly, it is simply excreted. Often, large peptides (comprised of more than seven amino acids) may cause digestive discomfort. There is also clinical support to suggest that the bioactive peptides created by the hydrolyzed protein can curtail CRP production, indicating a lower level of inflammation in the body.
Bodily hydration is one of the best indicators of fitness in athletes, and sweat rates are often a limiting factor for performance. High sweat rates can result in dehydration, loss of fluid, electrolytes, muscle cramps, and fatigue. The intensity of performance and sweat rate are the determining factors to electrolyte imbalance. The main electrolytes include sodium, potassium, magnesium, and chloride.
Sodium, which is an osmotically active cation, is one of the most important electrolytes in the extracellular fluid, responsible for maintaining the extracellular fluid volume, and also for regulation of the membrane potential of cells. Sodium is exchanged along with potassium across cell membranes as part of active transport, aids in fluid retention, assists in transmission of nerve impulses, regulates osmotic pressure and is involved in muscle contraction.
Chloride is an extracellular anion, regulates osmotic pressure, regulates body fluids, regulates electrolyte balance and regulates acid-base status.